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Backups for VMware

You can initiate backups from a backup set (all subclients) or from a subclient. You can also schedule backups to run automatically.

If VM archiving is configured, you can perform archiving as part of backup jobs.

When a virtual machine is discovered during backup, a client for the VM is created in the CommCell Console if one does not already exist. If a virtual machine with spaces or special characters in its name is discovered during backup, the spaces or special characters are replaced with underscores ('_') when creating the VM client name that is displayed in the CommCell Console. The VM name with spaces or special characters is still displayed on the Virtual Machine Status tab for the backup job, in the backup job summary, and in reports that include the VM name. The following special characters are replaced:

[ \ \ | ` ~ ! @ # $ % ^ & * + = < > ? , { } ( ) : ; ' \ " \ \ s / ]

What Gets Backed Up

The following entities are backed up:

  • Virtual machines (Windows and Linux)
  • VMDK files
  • Virtual RDMs
  • GPT or dynamic disk volumes
  • Fault tolerant virtual machines that meet the following requirements:
    • Configured as fault tolerant in the vSphere Web client
    • Hosted on ESX 6.x or later
    • VM hardware version 11 or later

Note: Disk filtering is supported only for streaming backups, not for SnapProtect or backup copies.

What Does Not Get Backed Up

The following entities are not backed up:

  • Virtual machines containing SCSI bus sharing set to virtual
  • Virtual machines configured with fault tolerance (prior to ESX 6.x or hardware version 11)
  • Virtual machines with no disks attached
  • Physical RDMs
  • Independent disks

Notes:

  • Backup or restore can fail if the name of the datastore, cluster, or virtual machine contains any of the following characters:

        +   &   @   %   =   #   %   *   $   #   !   \   /   :   *   ?   "   <   >   |   ;   ' 

    For more information, see Error downloading or uploading virtual machine configuration file.

  • If some parts of a virtual machine backup job are not completed successfully, the job status is "Completed w/ one or more errors." You can view the Job Details dialog box and select the Virtual Machine Status tab to check the status of specific VMs.

    If the status for a specific virtual machine is "Partial Success," some information for the VM was successfully backed up, but other information was not. Failed items for a VM contribute to the Failed Objects count in the Backup Job Summary Report.

    A VM is only included in a backup of failed VMs if the VM is marked as Failed in the Virtual Machine Status tab. VMs that complete with partial success are not included as failed VMs.

VADP Backups

SnapProtect supports backups for environments using vStorage APIs for Data Protection (VADP). During VADP backups, the Virtual Server Agent requests a snapshot of the virtual machine hosted on the VMFS datastore. The snapshot VMDK and virtual machine configuration files are then copied to the storage media without requiring any dedicated disk cache on the proxy server. In the case of  incremental backups, Changed Block Tracking (CBT) helps quickly identify the data blocks on the virtual machine that have changed since the last backup.

Similarly, during restores, virtual machines are restored directly to the appropriate ESX Server and datastore without the need for staging on the proxy server.

VM Archiving

Virtual machines that are identified by the VM management rules for the subclient can be powered off, relocated, or archived by running a backup operation. When the backup job is complete, virtual machines that met the VM management criteria for the subclient are powered off, relocated, or archived.

Note: When archive management is enabled for a subclient, all subsequent backups default to incremental backups; the Full option is disabled and you can only choose Incremental or Synthetic Full.

You can verify that a virtual machine has been archived by viewing the Virtual Machine Status tab in the Job Details dialog box. Double-click the entry for a virtual machine to display the Status Details dialog; the VM Archive Management status field displays the value Archived.

You can also verify archived virtual machines in the vSphere client. When you select a virtual machine that is archived, the Annotations area on the Summary tab displays Archived: Yes.